martial


martial
martial, warlike, military carry as their basic meaning belonging to, suitable to, or characteristic of war.
Martial distinctively implies reference to war in general and to its essential and fundamental characteristics; it often specifically suggests the pomp and circumstance of war
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standing in martial array

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the army set out to the martial strains of a fife and drum corps— Amer. Guide Series: Calif.

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Warlike, as a rule, implies reference to war as a reality, its actual causes, its actual methods, its actual effects; it therefore applies more often to feelings, acts, or activities that lead to or accompany real war than to those which suggest its thrilling or stirring qualities; thus, a warlike temper suggests bellicosity or readiness to fight to the bitter end, whereas a martial temperament suggests qualities (as dauntlessness, spiritedness, and eagerness) that bespeak one likely to behave well and valiantly in war
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a warlike race

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tales of warlike feats— Wordsworth

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everything that might be of value to a warlike power—the muskets, the cutlasses—was thrown overboard— Forester

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the Huns, whose warlike fury had swept the earth like a living flame— Stoker

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Military is the broadest of these terms since it may imply reference to war, to arms, or to armed forces or might
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a military expedition

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the military needs of the nation

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a distinguished military career

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of military bearing, six feet in height, erect and compact, with black hair and commanding appearance— Cole grove

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Sometimes military in reference to armed forces is specifically opposed to civil or civilian
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a military governor

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it is beyond the scope of any military representative to effect a solution by political means— Cilley

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Spencer also could see only two main types of states, the military, fashioned primarily for war and extremely authoritarian, and the industrial state, set up chiefly for productive industry and implying democratic politics, extensive civil liberties and extreme limitation of state activities— H. E. Barnes

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or it may be restricted to land, or land and air, forces and is then opposed to naval
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among military and naval attachés, military rank takes precedence of "courtesy to the stranger"— Squire

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Analogous words: *belligerent, bellicose, pugnacious, combative: *aggressive, militant: *spirited, high-spirited, mettlesome

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MARTIAL — MARCUS VALERIUS (40? ? 104) C’est dans une petite ville de Tarraconaise, Bilbilis (aujourd’hui Bambola) près de Catalayud, que Marcus Valerius Martialis voit le jour. Ses parents devaient être aisés, puisqu’il put recevoir une bonne éducation.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Martial — Mar tial, a. [F., fr. L. martialis of or belonging to Mars, the god of war. Cf. {March} the month.] [1913 Webster] 1. Of, pertaining to, or suited for, war; military; as, martial music; a martial appearance. Martial equipage. Milton. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • marţial — MARŢIÁL, Ă, marţiali, e, adj. 1. (livr.), Solemn şi grav; impunător. 2. Ostăşesc, militar; de război. ♢ Curte marţială = tribunal militar instituit în timp de război, de mobilizare sau în timpul unei stări excepţionale. Lege marţială = lege care… …   Dicționar Român

  • martial — [mär′shəl] adj. [ME martialle < L martialis, of Mars] 1. of or suitable for war [martial songs] 2. showing a readiness or eagerness to fight; warlike 3. of the army, the navy, or military life; military martialism n. martialist n. martially… …   English World dictionary

  • martial — martial, ale (mar si al, a l ) adj. 1°   Digne de Mars, guerrier. Un air martial. Une tenue martiale.    Cour martiale, sorte de tribunal militaire.    Loi martiale, loi qui autorise l emploi de la force armée dans certains cas. La loi martiale a …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • MARTIAL° — (M. Valerius Martialis; c. 40–104 C.E.), Roman epigrammatist. Martial ridiculed the Jewish rite of circumcision (Epigrammaton, 7:55) and speaks mockingly of women who fast on the Sabbath (ibid., 4:4). In common with other classical writers (e.g …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Martial — Martial,   eigentlich Marcus Valerius Martialis, römischer Dichter, * Bílbilis (bei Calatayud, Spanien) um 40, ✝ bald nach 100; lebte etwa 64 98 in Rom als Literat. Erhalten sind von ihm zwölf Bücher »Epigrammata«, meist in Distichen, dazu eine… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • martial — (adj.) late 14c., warlike, from L. martialis of Mars or war, from Mars (gen. Martis), Roman god of war; see MARS (Cf. Mars). Related: Martially. Martial law, military rule over civilians, first recorded 1530s …   Etymology dictionary

  • martial — Martial, m. acut. C est qui appartient à Mars presidant au fait des armes, ou digne de Mars, ou qui resemble à Mars, comme, Courage Martial, c. Magnanime et plein de valeur. C est aussi le nom propre d un homme, Martialis …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • martial — Martial, [marti]ale. adj. Guerrier. Courage Martial. humeur Martiale. fureur Martiale …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française


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